[Minato City History Walk] Minato City, a meeting place between Takamori Saigo and Kaishu Katsu that led to the "bloodless surrender of the Edo Castle"
The Satsuma Domain's residence in Mita, where the two leaders met at the end of the Edo period
It was a time of turmoil at the end of the Edo period. The momentum for overthrowing the shogunate had grown, and even after the 15th Tokugawa shogun, Yoshinobu accepted the restoration of imperial rule in 1867, the new government, led by Satsuma Domain, continued the attack on the former shogunate. On the other hand, in Edo, the former shogunate camp burned down the residence of the Satsuma Domain, deepening the conflict between the two armies which led to the Boshin war.
The following year, in January 1868, the first battle was held in Kyoto which was called the "Battle of Toba-Fushimi," and the new government army won the battle. Yoshinobu, who was in Osaka at the time, hurried back to Edo. The new government advanced the army from three directions, Tokaido, Nakasendo, and Koshu Kaido, surrounding Edo.
After returning Edo, Yoshinobu left Edo Castle and took up residence at Kaneiji Temple in Ueno. While some of his subordinates advised him to fight until the end, Yoshinobu had shown some inclination towards reverence (obeying the imperial court) and so he entrusted the entire authority of the old shogunate to Ichiou Okubo and Kaishu Katsu, who had become acquainted with Takamori Saigo and other members of the new government army during the two conquests to Choshu from 1864.
After returning to Edo, Yoshinobu left Edo Castle and moved to Kanei-ji Temple in Ueno. While some vassals were promoting thorough anti-war, Yoshinobu, who had also shown the intention of Yasujun (to follow the Imperial Court) in part, entrusted the full power of the former shogunate to Kazuo Okubo and Katsu Kaishu, who had gained acquaintance with the new government forces such as Saigo Takamori in the choshu conquest twice from the first year of Genji (1864).
Ruins of Katsu-Saigo press conference
Near JR Tamachi Station, along the Daiichi Keihin, there is a round monument written by Son Yoshinosuke of Saigo Nansu. On March 13 and 14, Keio 4, just before the general attack on Edo Castle, a meeting between Katsu Kaishu and Saigo Takamori was held at the Satsuma residence on both days, and the historic bloodless opening of the castle took place. There seem to be various theories about the location of this important press conference, but it seems that the preliminary meeting on the 13th was held at the Satsuma residence in Takanawa, and the final meeting on the 14th was held at the storehouse in Tamachi, where this monument stands.
Saigo and Katsu discussing on the summit of Mt. Atagoyama.
On top of Mount Atago sits the historic Atago shrine, which appeared in the saying '7 visits to Ise, 3 visits to Kumano, and monthly visits to shiba no atago'. As it is a shrine connected to Togawa Ieyasu, the ground will be bustling with people on Sennichimairi, an annual event in June when it is said that paying homage on this one day will lead to a thousand days' worth of blessings. It is said that Katsu Kaishū invited Saigō Takamori to Atagoyama mountaintop, where he pointed at the streets of Great Edo and lamented about its exposure to damages by the war.
Other places related to Saigo and Katsu in Minato City
Why not tour this area with so much history, feeling the emotions of great historical figures in the city of Edo?
Tokyo Port Brewery
Revived from a brewery that had stopped operating 100 years ago, this is the only brewery in the Minato district. During the end of the Edo period, as home to a group of kayakabe (that practiced Amida Buddhism in secret), Shiba became the stage of the peaceful handover of the Edo Castle to imperial forces. As the back parlor of the store was historically where (the Meiji Restoration revolutionaries) Saigo Takamori, Katsu Kaishu, Yamaoka Tesshu, and Takahashi Deishu had clandestine meetings about the takeover of Edo Castle, their unfiltered sake is unapologetically called "Edo Kaijo (Castle Takeover)". The sake "Gou (PLUM)" made for women uses hibiscus and plum extracts and has a beautiful light pink hue. Tastes great on the rocks or mixed with soda, it is sustainably produced and consumed in Shiba.
Mita Satsuma Mansion (Shimadzu House) traces
The Satsuma mansion in Edo had the Kamiyashiki, Nakashiki, and Kurashiki, but the most central was the kamiyashiki of Mita. It is said that Atsuhime also spent two years in the upper house. The monument of the "Satsuma Mansion" was built on the north side of the NEC Headquarters site, but the house at that time had a vast area around it. There is an office building in the vicinity now, and there is not the image of old times, but there is Shiba Park and Zojoji temple in the vicinity, and it becomes an oasis in the city.
The ruins of Masaru Awa House
Masaru Awa (katsukaifune) has changed residence three times in Akasaka, and this is the third time. Since the age of 50 in Meiji 5, he lived until his death at the age of 77 in Meiji 32, and became the stage of "Hikawa Seiwa" and "The Sound of Hikawawa." There are still large ginkgo biloba of the sea boat's love. In this area, Katsukaifune lived from the age of 36 to the mid-40s. Ryoma Sakamoto also came to stabbing.