Parks, today's public places of relaxation, tell the story of Minato-ku history!
The places that became public parks at this time were mostly portions of a temple compound; for example, Zojo-ji Temple in Shiba, Kan'ei-ji Temple in Ueno, Senso-ji Temple in Asakusa, Eitai-ji Temple in Fukagawa. In addition, the gardens of daimyo (feudal lord) estates were also established as parks in the same way. For a long time, the Minato-ku area has been an accumulation of many shrines, temples, and estates of military families and feudal lords, and as such, it now contains several parks.
Since Japan's distant past, the grounds of shrines and temples have been used by the townspeople for enjoyment, such as holding festivals, and as such already played a similar role to public parks. It is likely thanks to the unbroken continued use of these places, and the roles and significance they have in people's lives, that Minato has long been an area where people gather.
Shiba Park - Japan's first park, where history and nature coexist
Kyu Shiba Rikyu Garden - Take a turn around the oldest daimyo estate garden
This land was reclaimed from the sea and in 1678 was bestowed upon the council elder Okubo Tadatomo by the shogun Ietsuna Tokugawa, as the daimyo garden "Rakujuen". In those days, the pond's water was supplied by the sea, and the scenery of the islands and sandbank were said to change dramatically with the sea's ebb and flow; when the tide was out, it was even possible to cross between the pond's "Nakajima" and "Ukishima" islands.
The Kyu-Shiba Rikyu Garden is one of the oldest gardens owned by a feudal lord, estimated to have been built between 1678 and 1686. It is a circular pond typical of the early Edo period, with a well designated garden in the heart of the pond and exquisitely arranged ring of boulders around it, designated as one of the 'National Places of Scenic Beauty'. This was place originally part of the sea, but was later reclaimed and served as the residence of Elder Ōkubo Tadatomo. Tadamoto had a garden built at the same time as the main mansion and named it "Rakujuen". Several owners later, it became the Shiba mansion of the Kishu Tokugawa family at the end of the Edo period. It was acquired by the Arisugawanomiya family in 1871, subsequently purchased by the Department of the Imperial Household in 1875, and became the Shiba-Rikyu the following year. It was damaged during the Great Kanto Earthquake, but was restored in the following year by the city of Tokyo to commemorate the marriage of the Crown Prince (Emperor Showa). It has been open to the public since 1924.
Daiba Park - A seaside park which leaves traces of the Black Ships' arrival
None of the batteries were used, but at present, Batteries number 3 and 6 remain. Battery number 3 became a park, and Battery number 6 is preserved as a precious historical landmark, rich in nature and scientific value.
In preparation for the Black ships re-ships of Perry, among the seven forts made on the Bay of Tokyo, the third place in Taisho 12 was repaired to become a maritime park. The square shape that floats on the sea is felt by the Daiba likeness. The Rainbow Bridge can be seen from the park where the ruins of the turret remain. In the Daiba Park, the Someiyoshino and the Ooshima cherry are planted in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Daiba construction, a junior high school student in Nirayama town, Shizuoka Prefecture, and elementary school students from Fussa City, Tokyo, about 50 years ago.
Arisugawa-no-miya Memorial Park - A children's park abundant in nature, passed down from the Arisugawa-no-miya Imperial Family
This location was used as an urban villa for the Morioka Nanbu daimyo in the Edo period, but in the Meiji period, Prince Takehito Arisugawa had it developed as a residence for his son, Prince Tanehito.
Arisugawa Palace Memorial Park
It is a Japan garden with a very good nature in the place where there was the shimoyashiki of the Asano family famous for Chushingura. It became the shimoyashiki of the Morioka clan Southern House in the Edo period, and went through the site of the Arisugawa Miyagai and Takamatsu House, and was lift down as a park site in Tokyo City at that time in 1934. More than 100 sakura trees are planted in the park, and all 11 types of Someiyoshino and Satcherry are introduced to the Guide board next to the Tokyo Metropolitan Central Library, "Sakura of Arisugawa Omiya Memorial Park". In the park, you can enjoy seasonal flowers such as dogwood and hydrangea, as well as plum blossoms and flower Kiyotaka Shobuda.
The Institute for Nature Study - An oasis of nature predating Tokyo Metropolis, in the heart of the city
As the public was not able to enter the area, it remains in the bountiful natural state of the Tokyo of old. The park is managed with the aim of preserving it in its rare original state as much as possible, so it really is a precious urban oasis that gives you the feeling you have traveled back in time.
The Institute for Nature Study of the National Museum of Nature and Science
In 1949, this urban oasis, perfect for a stroll in the city, was nationally designated as a natural monument and historic site. At attractions such as the Musashino Botanical Garden, where the landscape of Musashino leaves a lasting impression, or the Aquatic Garden and Waterfowl's Swamp, one can enjoy the beauties of nature itself. On weekends, experts lead guided tours inside the park free of charge.